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A knock-down kit

  • Author:Jack Zou
  • Source:www.diecastingpartsupplier.com
  • Release on:2014-12-29
A knock-down kit is a kit containing the parts needed to assemble a product. The parts are
typically manufactured in one country or region, then exported to another country or region for
final assembly. Variant names include knockdown kit, knocked-down kit, or simply knockdown, and
the abbreviated KD or CKD.

A common form of knock-down is a completely knock-down (CKD), which is a complete kit needed to
assemble a product. It is also a method of supplying parts to a market, particularly in shipping
to foreign nations, and serves as a way of counting or pricing.CKD is a common practice within
the automotive industry, the bus and heavy truck industry, and the rail vehicle industry, as well
as electronics, furniture, and in other products. Businesses sell knocked down kits to their
foreign affiliates or licensees for various reasons, including to avoid import taxes, to receive
tax preferences for providing local manufacturing jobs, or even to be considered as a bidder at
all (for example, in public transit projects with "buy national" rules).

An incompletely disassembled kit is known as SKD for semi-knocked-down. Both types of KDs,
complete and incomplete, are collectively referred to within the auto industry as KDX (for
knocked-down export), and cars assembled in the country of origin and exported whole to the
destination market are known as BUX (for built-up export).

Technically, the terms "knockdown" or "kits of parts" are both misnomers, because the knockdowns
were never built up in the first place, and the shipments of parts are often not in the form of
kits,but rather bulk-packed by type of part into shipping containers. The degree of "knockdown"
depends on the desires and technical abilities of the receiving organization or on government
import regulations.[1] Developing nations may pursue trade and economic policies that call for
import substitution or local content regulations. Companies with CKD operations help the country
substitute the finished products it imports with locally assembled substitutes.

Knockdown kit assembling plants are less expensive to establish and maintain, because they do not
need modern robotic equipment, and the workforce is usually much less expensive in comparison to
the home country. They may also be effective for low-volume production. The CKD concept allows
firms in developing markets to gain expertise in a particular industry. At the same time, the CKD
kit exporting company gains new markets that would otherwise be closed.